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Prehistory[ edit ] Archaeological sites of the NeolithicCopper Ageand early Bronze Age in which vestiges of wine and olive growing have been found. The origins of wine predate written recordsand modern archaeology is still uncertain about the details of the first cultivation of wild grapevines.
It has been hypothesized that early humans climbed trees to pick berries, liked their sugary flavor, and then begun collecting them. After a few days with fermentation setting in, juice at the bottom of any container would begin producing low-alcohol wine.
According to this theory, things changed around 10, BC with the transition from a nomadic to a sedentism style of living, which led to agriculture and wine domestication.
The fermenting of strains of this wild Vitis vinifera subsp. The earliest discovered evidence, however, dates from several millennia later.
Georgian Kvevri ancient wine vessel The earliest archaeological evidence of wine yet found has been at sites in China c.
The Greek site is notable for the recovery at the site of the remnants of crushed grapes. The cave is the location of the world's oldest known winery and where the world's oldest known shoe has been found.
The oldest-known winery was discovered in the "Areni-1" cave in Vayots DzorArmenia. It turns out, the real birthplace of wine may be in a cave in Armenia. The carvings on the Audience Hall, known as Apadana Palacein Persepolisdemonstrate soldiers of subjected nations by the Persian Empire bringing gifts to the Persian king.
Apadana relief representing their sovereign to Persian king with their gifts, wine and horses, that Armenia was famous for, Armenia being one of the Satrapies of the Persian Empire Detail of a relief of the eastern stairs of the ApadanaPersepolisdepicting ambassadors of Armenia bringing their famous wine to the Persian king.
There is also increasingly abundant evidence for winemaking in Sumer and Egypt in the 3rd millennium BC. There are many etiological myths told about the first cultivation of the grapevine and fermentation of wine. The Biblical Book of Genesis first mentions the production of wine following the Great Floodwhen Noah drunkenly exposes himself to his sons.
Greek mythology placed the childhood of Dionysus and his discovery of viticulture at the fictional and variably located Mount Nysa but had him teach the practice to the peoples of central Anatolia. Because of this, he was rewarded to become a god of wine.
In Persian legend, King Jamshid banished a lady of his haremcausing her to become despondent and contemplate suicide. Going to the king's warehouse, the woman sought out a jar marked "poison" containing the remnants of the grapes that had spoiled and were now deemed undrinkable.
After drinking the fermented wine, she found her spirits lifted. She took her discovery to the king, who became so enamored of his new drink that he not only accepted the woman back but also decreed that all grapes grown in Persepolis would be devoted to winemaking.Heroes?
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